The government of Chicago, Illinois is divided into two branches: executive and legislative. The mayor is the executive director, while the City Council, elected from 50 districts, is the legislative body. The mayor is responsible for setting out government priorities and activities in a budget ordinance that is generally approved in November of each year. The city takes official action by passing ordinances and resolutions.
In addition to the mayor, the other two elected officials of the city of Chicago are the city clerk and the city treasurer. The process by which laws are enacted in Chicago is governed by the Illinois Revised Statutes, the Chicago Municipal Code, and the City Council Regulations. Formal legal authorization to pass laws is contained in these documents. At the beginning of each term, the City Council elects one of its members as temporary president to preside over meetings of the Council in the absence of the mayor and adopts the parliamentary rules and regulations that govern its meetings. The state government plays an important role in relation to the government of Chicago, Illinois. As a self-governing unit under the Illinois Constitution, Chicago is authorized to perform certain functions related to its government and affairs.
The state government provides oversight for these functions and ensures that they are carried out according to state laws. It also provides resources to help support local initiatives such as infrastructure projects or public safety initiatives. The state government works with local governments to ensure that services are provided efficiently and effectively. This includes providing funding for programs such as public transportation or public health initiatives. Additionally, state agencies may provide technical assistance or advice on matters such as economic development or environmental protection. Finally, state governments can provide support for local governments in times of crisis or emergency.
This includes providing financial assistance or other resources to help local governments respond to natural disasters or other emergencies. In addition, state governments may provide assistance with emergency planning or disaster relief efforts.